Dr Zana Marovic, Phd

Clinical Psychologist, Johannesburg



Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and attention deficit disorder (ADD) have symptoms that may begin in childhood and continue into adulthood. ADD/ADHD is the most commonly studied and diagnosed psychiatric disorder affecting about 3 to 5% of people globally with symptoms starting before seven years of age. ADHD and ADD symptoms can cause problems at home, school, work, and in relationships. Adolescents and adults with ADD/ADHD tend to develop coping mechanisms to compensate for some or all of their impairments.

ADD/ADHD in Children

We all know kids who can’t sit still, who never seem to listen, who don’t follow instructions no matter how clearly you present them, who blurt out inappropriate comments at inappropriate times. Sometimes these children are labeled as troublemakers, or criticized for being lazy and undisciplined or day-dreamers.

ADD/ADHD in Adults

ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder, with the main symptoms being visible hyperactivity and/or impulsivity while ADD stands for Attention Deficit Disorder with the main symptoms being inattention. Adult ADD/ADHD, as in children, is characterized by excessive inattentiveness, impulsiveness and hyperactivity. While in children, hyperactivity is often displayed as constant squirming and moving, in adults it may be more of a constant feeling of restlessness and agitation.